George Orwell was a British novelist and journalist who is celebrated for his dystopian fictions Animal Farm and 1984. Described as an anarchist in the 1920s, by the 1930s, Orwell began to consider himself a socialist.
In his work as a journalist, he undertook assignments such as reporting on mining conditions in Britain which resulted in prolific publications discussing the human condition. This work is said to have influenced his fiction.
In 1945, Animal Farm was published – a fictionalised fable set on a farmyard but really depicting Stalin’s betrayal of the Russian Revolution. This work afforded him prominence in the literary canon. His other dystopian masterpiece 1984 was published in 1949. This novel has had such an impact upon culture that phrases from the novel including ‘big brother’s watching you’ have become popularised ways of referring to a society which sees everything on record and is also attributed to the creation of reality TV style shows.